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Biden Aide, Saudi Crown Prince to Meet 09/27 05:59

   President Joe Biden's national security adviser Jake Sullivan is traveling 
to Saudi Arabia on Monday to meet with Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman as the 
U.S. tries to press the kingdom to move toward a cease-fire in its yearslong 
war with Houthi rebels in Yemen.

   WASHINGTON (AP) -- President Joe Biden's national security adviser Jake 
Sullivan is traveling to Saudi Arabia on Monday to meet with Crown Prince 
Mohammed bin Salman as the U.S. tries to press the kingdom to move toward a 
cease-fire in its yearslong war with Houthi rebels in Yemen.

   Sullivan will be the highest-ranking Biden administration official to visit 
Saudi Arabia. Besides seeing the crown prince, often referred to by his 
initials, MBS, Sullivan is expected to meet with deputy defense minster Khalid 
bin Salman, a brother to the crown prince, according to two senior 
administration officials. The officials were not authorized to comment publicly 
and spoke on the condition of anonymity.

   The Biden White House has largely steered clear of the crown prince since 
making public in February a CIA report that showed MBS likely approved the 
killing of Washington Post columnist and Saudi critic Jamal Khashoggi in a 2018 
operation at the kingdom's consulate in Istanbul.

   But the White House has resolved that bringing an end to perhaps the world's 
most complex conflict can't be done without engaging with the most senior Saudi 
officials face to face, one senior administration official said.

   National Security Council spokesperson Emily Horne said Sullivan was 
traveling to Riyadh on Monday and would also visit the United Arab Emirates, a 
Saudi ally in the war, but did not provide additional details.

   Sullivan is being dispatched at a moment when the situation in Yemen, the 
Arab world's poorest country, has further deteriorated. Fighting has 
intensified in the key city of Marib, as Iran-backed rebels have sought to oust 
the Saudi-backed government from the oil-rich city in the country's north.

   The new U.N. special envoy to Yemen, Hans Grundberg, recently declared that 
the country is "stuck in an indefinite state of war" and resuming negotiations 
to end the more than six-year conflict won't be easy.

   Yemen's war began in September 2014, when the Iranian-backed Houthis seized 
Sanaa and began a march south to try to seize the entire country. Saudi Arabia, 
along with the United Arab Emirates and other countries, entered the war 
alongside Yemen's internationally recognized government in March 2015.

   The U.S. sold bombs and fighter jets to Saudi Arabia that the kingdom later 
used in strikes on Yemen that also killed civilians. The Obama administration 
in 2015 initially offered U.S. targeting assistance to Saudi Arabia's 
command-and-control operations that was supposed to minimize civilian 
casualties in airstrikes. It didn't, and Obama ultimately cut back on the 
program.

   Under President Donald Trump, targeting assistance continued although his 
administration later stopped U.S. refueling operations for Saudi jets.

   Biden announced weeks into his administration that he was ending all 
American support for "offensive operations in the war in Yemen, including 
relevant arms sales." But there has been little progress on the ground in 
resolving what the United Nations says is the world's worst humanitarian crisis.

   White House officials are hopeful that the appointment of Grundberg will 
bring a new dynamic and put pressure on all sides to bring an end to the 
conflict, according to two senior administration officials.

   Sullivan is being joined for the talks with the Saudis and the UAE by U.S. 
special envoy for Yemen Tim Lenderking and NSC senior director for the Middle 
East Brett McGurk. Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin planned to travel to Saudi 
Arabia earlier this month while he was in the region but postponed due to what 
the administration said were scheduling issues.

   The high-level White House push comes after Lenderking traveled to Saudi 
Arabia and Oman, which has pressed for an end to the war. In addition, 
Secretary of State Antony Blinken had talks with his counterpart members of the 
Gulf Cooperation Council on the margins of the U.N. General Assembly.

   Sullivan's visit to Saudi Arabia also comes as the administration is looking 
for ways to resurrect the Iran nuclear deal. The Saudis and the UAE fiercely 
oppose returning to the deal with Iran that was originally brokered in 2015 by 
the Obama administration only to be scrapped by Trump in 2018.

   Addressing the U.N. General Assembly on Friday, Iran's new foreign minister 
Hossain Amir Abdollah said the country will return to nuclear negotiations in 
Vienna "very soon." But he accused the Biden administration of sending 
contradictory messages by saying it wants to rejoin the pact while slapping new 
sanctions on Tehran and not taking "an iota of positive action."

   Biden and his team have made a U.S. return to the deal -- to which Britain, 
France, Russia, China, Germany and Iran are signatories -- one of their top 
foreign policy priorities. But the U.S. has made limited headway in indirect 
talks, and Tehran has bristled at Biden administration officials' call for a 
"longer and stronger" deal than the original, which expires at the end of 2030.

 
 
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